The Colourboard Desk
The International Indigenous day or World Tribal day is celebrated on August 9 annually around the world to create awareness and to conserve the rights of indigenous people.
The day was first pronounced by the General Assembly of the United Nations in December 1994. It recognises the achievements and contributions made by indigenous people in order to improve world issues such as environmental protection. It is also celebrated with the goal for solving problems faced by indigenous peoples in areas such as human rights, education, health, economic and social development.
Indigenous people are the Tribal people who are the earliest known inhabitants of the given area and are inhabited along every continent of the world.
In India, 705 ethnic groups are recognised as Scheduled Tribes. The Scheduled Tribes in central India, are usually referred to as Adivasis, which means Indigenous People. They comprise 8.6% of the total population, with an estimated population of 104 million.
"Gond tribes" ( Central India, Madhya Pradesh), "The Santhal tribes" (West Bengal), "The Great Andamanese Tribe" (which includes the Onge, Jarawa, Jangil and Sentinelese, are said to be the first inhabitants of the islands), "The Khasi tribes" (mostly spotted in the Khasi Hills of Meghalaya and are also found in parts of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, West Bengal), "Angami Naga tribes" (Nagaland), "Munda tribes" (parts of West Bengal, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Odisha), "The Chenchu tribes"( Andhra Pradesh), "The Nyishi tribes" are the largest inhabitants of the mountainous state of Arunachal Pradesh. "The Warli or Varli tribes" (Maharashtra and Gujarat) are few of the tribals communities of India having their own language, tribal religion, festivals, cuisine, dance and music.
Besides there are many more tribes residing in various parts of India. There are notified and denotified tribes amongst which 15 % of its population who were criminalized under draconian law called criminal tribes act. They get least attention but are spread all over India, as they keep on wandering from place to place. Communities like Pardhi, Kurwar, Dawari Gosavi, Banjara, Vadar, Ghisadi and others around 200 such tribes exist in India.